Clean and disinfect surfaces using household detergents. Hand hygiene is an important measure to prevent the spread of flu and coronavirus infection. Wash with soap and water removes the virus. If you can't wash your hands with soap, use alcohol-containing or disinfecting wipes. Cleaning and regular disinfection of surfaces (tables, door handles, chairs, gadgets, etc.) removes viruses.
Viruses are transmitted from a sick person to a healthy person by airborne droplets (when sneezing, coughing), so it is necessary to observe a distance of at least 1.5 meters from each other. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth with your hands. Coronavirus, like other respiratory diseases, is spread through these pathways. Wear a mask or use other available protective equipment to reduce the risk of illness. When coughing, sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with disposable napkins, which should be discarded after use. Avoiding unnecessary trips and visits to crowded places can reduce the risk of disease.
A healthy lifestyle increases the body's resistance to infection. Follow a healthy diet, including full sleep, consumption of foods rich in proteins, vitamins and minerals, and physical activity.
Among other means of prevention, a special place is taken by wearing masks, which limit the spread of the virus.
Medical masks for respiratory protection are used:
- when visiting places of mass congestion of people, traveling on public transport during a period of increased incidence of acute respiratory viral infections;
- when caring for patients with acute respiratory viral infections;
- when communicating with persons with signs of acute respiratory viral infection;
- at the risk of infection with other airborne infections.
Masks can have different designs. They can be single-use or can be applied repeatedly. There are masks that serve 2, 4, 6 hours. The cost of these masks is different, due to different impregnation. But you can not always wear the same mask, so you can infect yourself twice. Which side inside to wear a medical mask-unprincipled.
To protect yourself from infection, it is extremely important to wear it correctly:
- the mask should be carefully fixed, tightly closing the mouth and nose, leaving no gaps;
- try not to touch the surface of the mask when removing it, if you have touched it, wash your hands thoroughly with soap or alcohol;
- wet or damp mask should be replaced with a new, dry one.
- do not use a disposable mask again.
- the used disposable mask should be disposed of immediately.
When caring for a patient, after the end of contact with the patient, the mask should be removed immediately. After removing the mask, wash your hands immediately and thoroughly.
The mask is appropriate if you are in a crowded place, on public transport, or when caring for a patient, but it is not practical in the open air.
During your stay on the street, it is useful to breathe fresh air and do not wear a mask.
However, doctors remind that this single measure does not provide full protection from the disease. In addition to wearing a mask, you must follow other preventive measures.
Stay at home and see a doctor immediately. Follow your doctor's instructions, stay in bed, and drink as much liquid as possible.
WHAT are the SYMPTOMS of FLU/CORONAVIRUS INFECTION high body temperature, chills, headache, weakness, nasal congestion, cough, shortness of breath, muscle pain, conjunctivitis. In some cases, there may be symptoms of gastrointestinal disorders: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.
Viral pneumonia is the leading cause of complications. The deterioration of viral pneumonia is rapid, and many patients develop respiratory failure within 24 hours, requiring immediate respiratory support with mechanical ventilation. Quickly started treatment helps to alleviate the severity of the disease.
Call a doctor.
Give the patient a separate room in the house. If this is not possible, keep a distance of at least 1 meter from the patient.
Limit to a minimum contact between the patient and loved ones, especially children, the elderly, and people suffering from chronic diseases.
Ventilate the room frequently.
Keep clean, wash and disinfect surfaces with household detergents as often as possible.
Wash your hands frequently with soap.
When caring for a patient, cover your mouth and nose with a mask or other protective means (handkerchief, scarf, etc.).Only one family member should take care of the patient.